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GRAPES TO GLASS
with Director of Wine, Mari Well Coyle
Key Terms Glossary
Time spent allowing wine tannins to develop resulting in full and complex, yet supple wines.
Specific type of oak grown in forests in midwest and Appalachian areas.
A general term used to indicate a region where the grapes which make wine are grown.
American Viticultural Area: a grape-growing region distinguished by geographical features, the boundaries of which have been recognized and defined by the federal government.
A period of time after fermentation when wine is placed in small oak vessels to gain structure (tannin) and aromatic contributions from the oak. Small amounts of oxygen allow the wine tannins to evolve and integrate with the oak.
Geographical region in France growing wines made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Malbec and Petit Verdot.
Sauvignon Blanc and Semillon blend.
Region in France producing Pinot Noir and Chardonnay.
Character to describe Chardonnay produced with malolactic fermentation
Cool region in Southern Napa Valley, also includes parts of Sonoma county.
Spanish sparkling wine made using Method Champenoise.
Region in France producing wines made of Pinot Noir, Chardonnay and Pinot Meunier.
White grape varietal from France.
Method to produce sparkling wine where second fermentation occurs in tank.
Geographical region in Italy growing wines made primarily from Sangiovese.
Pigment coming from the grape skins.
Direct to Press
This is the process of bleeding the juice from red grape must for desired color and flavor
Winemaking process occurring after riddling is complete. The neck of the bottle is frozen and the sediment is released, wine is brought to fill height, dosage is added, wine is corked, caged, and foiled.
Absent of Sugar
Wine with sweetness from the grapes, often served as, or paired with, dessert.
EST8TE (Estate 8)
The ONEHOPE property in Rutherford, Napa Valley consisting of a vineyard, private residence, and winery/tasting room.
Chemical compound derived from an acid that forms fruit and floral aromas in wine.
Specific type of oak grown in forests throughout Central France.
Sauvignon Blanc fermented and/or aged in oak. Robert Mondavi created this style of wine in California.
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre blend made outside of the Rhone region of France.
Date that grapes are picked to make wine.
The remains of the yeast that settle to the bottom of the fermentation vessel.
Red grape varietal native to Southwest France; now a rising star amongst red wines made in Argentina.
Secondary fermentation resulting in reduction of acid and butter-like notes.
Red grape varietal most notably used in Bordeaux.
Method to produce sparkling wine where second fermentation occurs in the bottle.
Skins, seeds and juice.
Slight perception of sweetness or fruit.
Originally from France and different from Syrah, this grape produces dark, tannic wines.
Pinot Blanc (Pee-know Blah-nk)
A white wine variety made from a genetic grape mutation of Pinot Gris.
Pinot Gris (Pee-know Gree)
Made from the same variety of grape as Pinot Grigio, but the grapes used to make Pinot Gris have a grayish/brown hue.
Pinot Meunier (Pee-know Moon-yay)
Produces lightly-colored wines with balanced sugars, acidity, and aromatic fruity flavors.
Pinot Noir (Pee-know No-our)
Any variety of red wine made from pinot noir black grape.
Skins and seeds resulting after wine has been pressed.
Style of fortified wines made in Portugal.
Country where Port wines are made, located west of Spain.
Italian grape found to have the same DNA as California Zinfandel.
Geographical region in Southeast France. Borders the Mediterranean Sea and Italy.
Pumpover / Punchdown
A method to allow more contact between the wine and skins.
Labor intensive winemaking process in which the bottles are slowly moved to a vertical position to allow fermentation sediment to deposit at the neck of the bottle.
Geographical region in France growing wines made primarily from Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Viognier, Roussanne, Marsanne, and others.
This is the process of bleeding the juice from red grape must for desired color and flavor.
San Luis Obispo
Located within the Central Coast AVA, county including 4 AVAs: Edna Valley, Paso Robles, York Mountain and Arroyo Grande Valley.
Indigenous grape to Southwest France. Combined with Cabernet Franc to produce a seedling known as Cabernet Sauvignon.
Skin Contact Time
Time that the juice or wine is spent on the skins either before or after fermentation.
Wine with CO2 resulting from a secondary fermentation.
Tanks and vessels that are often temperature controlled for slow and cool fermentations.
Aged on the lees.
The first address of ONEHOPE and the crossroads in Napa, CA where our flagship winery is located.
A phenolic compound found in grape skin, seeds, stems, and oak barrels.
Winemaking process that adds sugar and yeast to base wine for secondary fermentation.
A key wine-growing region of Mendoza, Argentina producing distinctive Malbec.
White wine made from Chardonnay grapes in Burgundy, France.
Rosé made from Zinfandel grapes.
Grape variety originating from California.